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Economic Survey

General information

Population
1,121.8 thousand
Total area
413 thousand sq km
Capital city
Arkhangelsk
Shared borders with
Karelia Republic, Komi Republic, Vologda Region, Kirov Region
Direct access to the seas
the White Sea, the Barents Sea, the Kara Sea
The prevailing climate is
moderately continental, the marine climate in the north-western part of the Region, the subarctic climate in the north-eastern part of the Region.

Administrative-territorial division

205
Municipal entities
including:
7
Urban
precincts
19
Municipal districts
20
Urban
settlements
159
Rural
settlements

Largest cities

Primary Natural Resources

Water resources

The Region comprises:

71 776
Rivers
with a total length of 250 660 km
59 404
Lakes

In the territory of the Region there are explored:

3
non-potable water aquifers
1,3
Supply of potable and non-potable ground water
thousand m3 a day
33
potable water aquifers

Forest resources

22,3
The territory covered with forest
million hectares
29
Total forest area
million hectares
20
Forest area in use
million hectares
2,7
The general reserve of forest forming species
billion m3
24,5
Total volume of allowable cut
billion m3
52%
The use of allowable cut

Mineral resources

The territory is rich in mineral resources. The only diamondiferous province in Europe was discovered in the Arkhangelsk Region. Besides, its subsoil comprises substantial reserves of limestone, dolomite, cement raw materials, gypsum and anhydrites, sands, clays and fusible loams, building stones, groundwater, manganese, copper ores, zinc, lead, amber, jewelry agate and other minerals.

Mineral reserve base of the Arkhangelsk region consists of more than 25 types of mineral resources.


Total reserves

Diamonds – 248.3 million carat
(21% of national reserve)
Bauxites - 253.3 million ton
(17% of national reserve)
Ragstones
830.9 million m3
Zinc
2.5 million ton
Lead
549.3 thousand ton
Gypsum
165.5 million ton
Peat
717.5 million ton

A real advantage of the Arkhangelsk Region is the proximity of the Arctic – "the Storeroom of Russia". Nowadays the economic value of the Arctic zone is undisputed: a significant amount of unique mineral deposits is concentrated within its limits.

A project for the setting up of an industrial complex for mining and refining of lead-zinc ore initiated in the archipelago of Novaya Zemlya

.

Transport and Logistics

Transport network of the Region:

more than 19,000 km of motor roads
1,771 km of railroads
3,443 km of river waterways

Ground transport

Automobile transport

The M-8 federal motor road – a motor road of the federal status. The distance between Arkhangelsk and Moscow is 1,271 km.
The P1 motor road – a motor road of the regional status connecting the central districts of the Arkhangelsk Region with the north-western part of the Vologda Region. The distance between Arkhangelsk and St. Petersburg is 1,181 km.

93 local routes including 37 intercity and 56 suburban routes

Railway transport

Arkhangelsk is the final and strategic point of the Northern Railroad. Availability of spare capacity of the Northern Railroad is a strategic reserve that allows increasing volumes of rail freight services within a short time.
16 long-distance trains
59 commuter trains

Air transport

Currently, there are 23 airports (only 7 of them with artificial runways) in the territory of the Arkhangelsk Region.
International Arkhangelsk Airport: annual passenger turnover
877 thousand people
Котлас Вожгора Койнас Онега Соловки Ручьи Верхняя Золотица Летняя Золотица Пертоминск Лопшеньга Пурнема Васьково Мезень Каменка Сояна Олема АРХАНГЕЛЬСК Долгощелье Мосеево Сафоново Койда Лешуконское Ценогоры

Get to

1 day 6 h;
Arkhangelsk
1266 km
St. Petersburg
1 h 20 min.
23 h 09 min.
Arkhangelsk
1151 km
Murmansk
19 h 28 min
Arkhangelsk
1022 km
Moscow:
1 h 40 min

Water transport

The total length of water transport network of the region is 3,443 km, the cargo turnover is over 2 million tons.

In the region there are 3 sea ports:

Onezhsky sea port

Mezensky sea port

Arkhangelsk sea port

Arkhangelsk is the oldest commercial sea port of Russia. The Arkhangelsk Seaport is a multipurpose port with year-round service; its infrastructure allows handling up to 4.5 million tons of cargo annually (extendable to 10 million tons).

In the Arctic Ocean, along the coastline of the Arkhangelsk Region runs the Northern Sea Route – the shortest shipping connection between the ports of Western Europe and the Far East.

Economic indicators

442,8
Gross regional product
Billion roubles
104,8 %
Consumer price index
38 351
Average monthly salary
Roubles
100,2 %
Industrial production index
90,8
Volume of investment in fixed assets
Billion roubles
291
Foreign direct investments
Million US dollars
2 306,1
Foreign trade turnover
Million US dollars

Gross Regional Product Structure

Industries 29,6 %
Mining industry 3,4%
Manufacturing industry 22,8%
Energy 3,4%
Construction 4,3%
Trade 12,2%
Transport and communication 15,6%
Real estate 7,3%
Public administration and military security 8,9%
Education 4,4%
Health care 7,1%
Agriculture and forestry 4,1%
Other branches 6,5 %
Fishery 3,1%
HoReCa 1,4%
Finance 0,3%
Municipal, social and personal services 1,7%

Sectors of the economy of the Region

The Arkhangelsk Region is a land of forest industry, fishery, modern shipbuilding, and Russian cosmonautics. In the territory of the Region, there are more than 24 thousand enterprises and organizations of all forms of ownership and economic activity.

Economic development of the Region in the most traditional branches is based on the enterprises of the timber industry, the construction industry and the elaborate infrastructure of commercial ports, including the Arkhangelsk Seaport serving an essential part of cargo transportation in this area, which is traditionally considered the northern gate of Russia.


Development priorities of the Region

Special economic zones

A special business activity zone - the priority social and economic development area of Onega - was established in the territory of the Arkhangelsk Region. The legal entities as PSEDA Onega's residents while carrying out business activities have a wide array of tax preferences, including a reduced level of insurance contributions and lowered rates of several taxes. For more information, see the section regarding PSEDA Onega.

Science and education

In the Arkhangelsk Region, a strong base for integrated training of highly skilled professionals of the international level for their careers in the Arctic has been created.

Development of networking in the operation of education programmes containing the Arctic vector should be seen in the context of strengthening the role of employers in the formulation and implementation of the programmes. Systemic coordination with employers, which is not limited only to the organization of internship, is designed.

In the Arkhangelsk region, the "plant- university" system has been adopted. This is a system of integrated training of engineering personnel, which represents a combination of theoretical training and company-based engineering training in accordance with the profile of the training area that ensures high employment rates of graduates in the industry and employee retention in enterprises.

Institutions of higher education:

Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University (NArFU).
Number of students: 25,900.
Northern State Medical University.
Number of students: about 10,000.

Investment

In 2016, the volume of investment in fixed assets into economy of the Arkhangelsk Region was 90,783.2 million roubles.

In 2017, a positive trend of the indicator can be seen: during 9 months of 2017, the index of physical volume of capital investments compared with the same period in 2016 constitutes 140.5% (the volume of investment was 56.6 billion roubles). Growth of the indicator is much higher than the national average. Investment in fixed assets in the Russian Federation in January–September 2017 went up by 4.2% compared to the same period in 2016.

Foreign direct investment in the Arkhangelsk Region constitutes 291 million US dollars.


Investment in fixed assets by type of economic activity

Transport and communication 29,4%
Manufacturing industries 24,2%
Public administration and military security 18,3%
Other branches 13,2%
Agriculture and forestry 5,2%
Real estate 5,0%
Trade 4,7%

Foreign economic activity

3.6% - regional share in the monetary value of foreign trade operations of the Northwestern Federal District.
Regional foreign trade is export-oriented. The volume of export is 92.6% of the regional turnover.

Our region has external economic relations with 101 countries all over the world.
The main business partners among the countries
are: 
The Netherlands
Belgium
France
Summary turnover with these countries is 50.7% of the total regional turnover.

The main export directions are oil delivery, wood and paper delivery.
The main import direction is machinery and equipment delivery.