The city of Onega is a railway terminal point. There is 32 km of a dead end siding between the station of Onega and the trunk railroad.
In the city of Onega, there is an airport with an unsurfaced runway capable of accepting small aircrafts.
In Onega, there is a seaport. Core functions of the port: export of timber, carriage of passengers.
Mineral Reserve Base
19 subsoil plots with industrial minerals. Several gold-platinum occurrences with total prognosticated resources of 214 tons of gold and 124 tons of platinum.
In the northwestern part of Onezhsky District, the prognosticated recourses of basalt account for some one billion cubic metres, however, only one deposit – Shapochka – with its 110 million cubic metres is currently explored and assessed.
The priority social and economic development area of Onega was established within the limits of the municipal entity Onezhskoye. This is a special zone for carrying out business activities because its residents have a wide array of tax preferences. For more information on being a PSEDA Onega's resident and other matters concerning this issue, see the section regarding PSEDA Onega.